Psychoanalytic And Freud Sigmund Freud was a popular psychologist who is considered the founding father for it psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a method for treating different mental illnesses and it is simultaneously a theory for explaining different personalities. Sigmund Freud contributed more to the human mind then any psychologist to come before him. His contributions are currently vast. He is considered one of the most influential people of the 20th century and he has influenced not just psychology but literature, child rearing and art. His lexicon is currently embedded within Western vocabulary. Words that he introduced in his different psychological theories are now used regularly by people including the Freudian slip, libido, repression, cathartic, denial, and anal-retentive personality. Sigmund Freud was the founding father for explaining human behavior and treating mental illness. Psychoanalysis is referred to as the talking cure. This type of treatment renders in the mind the stereotypical image of Sigmund Freud at work: it renders the image of a patient lying on the bed and talking tithe therapist in the background to is regularly taking notes. This was actually how Sigmund Freud started. He would encourages patients to talk freely on his historically famous couch about their symptoms and to describe for him what exactly was going on in their mind. It was the case of a woman named Bertha who went by the name Anna that marked a turning pointing Sigmund Freud's career. In fact it was this patient who influenced the future direction of not only his career but psychology as a whole. Anna suffered from hysteria and she would exhibit Symptoms including a loss of speech, hallucinations, paralysis, and convulsions but without a physical cost. Her doctor helped treat her by encouraging her to recall memories of dramatic event that she had forgotten. This entire case was discussed with Freud and out of this case he found the idea that he wanted to pursue for the rest of his career. He proposed that physical symptoms are typically a surface manifestation for repressed conflicts within the mind. He was proposing not just that this particular illness could be better explained but that a new theory for the human psyche could be produced. This theory emerged little by little as a result of his future clinical investigations and it also led him to propose the three different levels that make up the human personality which are the id, ego, and superego. The id and the superego are considered part of the unconscious mind, the majority of which are buried much like the bottom part of an iceberg. The ego is the conscious mind, the part which is on top of the water visible to a passing boat. All actions and ideas from the unconscious mind our continually at odds with the conscious mind and this creates anxiety, which may manifest itself through physical alterations. Overall his contributions have been vast and permanent. He has provided a great deal of foundation for psychoanalysis, and forever changed the field.